SIX OF THE WORLD’S BIGGEST CHALLENGES

“Global issues include Sociopolitical, geopolitical, environment, health, mental health, food and water scarcity, human rights abuses, and gender equality.”

By Max Singh

“The United Nations (UN) currently lists 18 Global Issues all world citizens should be aware of and has set 17 goals to be achieved by 2030.”

The United Nations (UN) currently lists 18 Global Issues all world citizens should be aware of and has set 17 goals to be achieved by 2030. These correspond with our time’s most critical issues and are known as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs). One article would be too long to list each issue’s details; however, here are six of the world’s biggest challenges.

 

1. Food security

The number of hungry people in the world has increased exponentially over the last few decades. By 2050, the world must feed 9 billion people, and the demand for food will be 60% greater than it is today. The UN is working to reduce the number of hungry people to zero by 2030. This is represented by UN SDG Goal 2: Zero Hunger., addressing a host of issues, pushing to develop agriculture sectors. The risks if we fail? Malnutrition, hunger, and even conflict.

2) Major Global health issues 

Despite incredible improvements in health over the last few decades, some challenges should have been easy to solve. Consider the following: One billion people lack access to health care systems, 36 million deaths each year are caused by non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic lung diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one group of conditions causing death globally. (These are the latest figures presented by the World Health Organization.) AIDS/HIV has also spread rapidly. UNAIDS estimates that there are more or less: 33.4 million living with HIV. Meanwhile, Malaria causes some 225 million acute illnesses and over 780,000 deaths annually.

The UN tackles the problems of health and well-being under SDG Goal 3: Good Health and Well-Being. 

3) Global child health and primary education

Enabling young children to achieve their full developmental potential is a human right and an essential requisite for sustainable development and the best start in life. However, malnutrition and childhood hunger are significant hurdles to the development of youth. The UN aims to combat this health and low-quality learning trend by uniting organizations under UN SDG Goal 4: Quality Education. Their guidelines contain four recommendations for caregivers, health professionals, and other workers who can assist them and policy-makers and other stakeholders.

4) The need for gender equality

Although women make up approximately half of the world’s population, there have historically been social barriers to women’s economic and personal freedom globally. Women still earn less than men, and women with children tend to make even less. This is a waste of potential and hampers progress on obstacles to global prosperity. The UN is creating awareness around the issue of women’s rights through setting objectives under UN SDG Goal 5: Gender Equality that models best practices and works worldwide with communities, schools, workplaces, businesses, and organizations to build a culture of respect and fairness for women in all areas of society.

5) Empowerment work in Africa

After acknowledging that women’s rights as contributors to the workforce have been sorely lacking, most African governments realize that empowering women and girls is a crucial contributor to economic development. Some governments in Africa are now seeking innovative ways to accelerate the demographic transition. In countries such as Rwanda and South Africa, female lawmakers’ increase helped advance legislation promoting gender equality, such as providing equal land claims to women and ensuring reproductive rights.

The World Health Organization promotes a range of Sub-Saharan Africa programs that address a range of basic needs such as literacy and numeracy, child development, exercise and sports education, preventive health, and women’s empowerment. Progress with the aid of local grassroots organizations and collectives is ensuring women become a vital part of the workforce in African countries.

6) Global environmental issues

There are multiple major environmental issues listed by the UN. These include threats to habitats and resource depletion, habitat and biodiversity loss, ocean conservation, and water scarcity. For example, forests are crucial to producing the air we breathe, yet these are being depleted at a rate of 26 million hectares every year. Many organizations have been working to protect local ecosystems for years. This includes the UN, which has set up specific objectives under UN SDG Life on Land

Ocean conservation is a global issue. Most of our planet is covered in water. We depend on the oceans to maintain our rainwater systems, and many populations rely on it for food and income. The UN is dealing with this problem through objectives set under UN SDG 14: Life below Water.

Water scarcity is a global issue caused by things like poor infrastructure and displacement. As with food, there is actually enough fresh water for each person currently living on the planet. The UN has set the goal of ensuring equal access to water and sanitation for all. This is represented by UN SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation.

In conclusion, most global issues can be solved in time, providing cooperation from governments, stakeholders, corporations, various industries, the upholding of international law and peace, and democracies’ effective running. The hope is that many of these global challenges will either be severely reduced or eradicated in years to come.

Sources WHO.org/gvicanada.ca/global issues.org/UN.org/ United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.